By Philip Katcher
Whilst the conflict among the States broke out in 1861, the united states military had purely 4 line generals – and 3 of these have been over 70 years of age and veterans of the Napoleonic interval. approximately one in 3 of America's expert officials selected to serve the Confederacy, and the government's pressing have to locate commanders for its tremendously extended military positioned stars at the shoulders of fellows of very different backgrounds and skills. the pains of struggle could quickly separate the born leaders from the over-promoted and the political opportunists. This moment quantity dedicated to Union generals examines the careers and personalities of 25 commanders whose provider was once almost always, or first and foremost, within the Western theater of struggle.
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Their apparent enthusiasm for Confederate service was a result of several factors. The free Negroes had traditionally fought to defend the de facto government, whether Spanish, French, or American, and generally had received some personal reward and some measure of recognition for their services; consequently, they may have felt that they would improve their civil and political status by serving the Confederacy. " A private citizen agreed. " If the free Negroes were loyal to the Confederacy in 1861, they certainly were not in 1862; when rebel troops evacuated the city, the free Negro soldiers refused to accompany them.
P. B. S. Pinchback, who raised several companies and served as an officer in one of the regiments, expressed the sentiments of most of the Negroes in a recruiting speech he made in 1862. Free Negro men, he said, were being called upon to help free the oppressed, and although they had not received martial honors in the past, they could look 36 Chapter 2 to the future to enroll their names on the scroll of honor. "31 From the outset, Union officials were -not particularly interested in the former status of the volunteers as long as they were able-bodied.
Most whites argued that Negroes were inferior, ugly, dirty, servile, debased, criminal, and stupid. Such derogatory 16 Chapter 1 terms as ~'Cuffee," "'Samba," "buck," and "woolly heads" were used to characterize them in the newspapers of the period. Practice often belied these stereotypes: the law reflected the white man's fear that the Negro was too intelligent, strong, and industrious for the white man to succeed in free competition with him. One result of these fears was an attempt to segregate the Negro and to insure his subordination to whites.
american civil war commanders 3 - union west by Philip Katcher
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