By World Health Organization
This record experiences the results of a undertaking to higher comprehend in addition to increase a strategy to check the standards linked to sexual threat behaviour between alcohol clients in varied cultural settings. The undertaking interested in 8 international locations from 4 continents (Belarus, India, Mexico, Kenya, Romania, the Russian Federation, South Africa and Zambia).
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Additional info for Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour: a cross-cultural study in eight countries
Washington DC, USA, Population Services International (PSI), Research Division, PSI Research Division. Baleta A. (1998) Concern voiced over “dry sex” practices in South Africa. LANCET, 352(9136):1292. Central Statistical Office. (1998) 1996 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. Lusaka, Central Statistical Office. Malungo JRS. (1999) Challenges to sexual behavioural changes in the era of AIDS: Sexual cleansing and levirate marriage in Zambia. In: Caldwell JC, et al, editors. Resistance to Behavioural Change to Reduce HIV/AIDS Infection in Predominantly Heterosexual Epidemics in Third World Countries.
In Mexico, the integration of alcohol consumption and partnership development manifested specifically within the homosexual environment. Furthermore, Table 6 notes gender differences in expectations about the effects of alcohol within the context of sexual activity in some countries—Mexico and Romania. For example, in Mexico “men had higher expectations of alcohol as concerns the facilitation of social interaction, sexuality and feelings of power than women, and expected women to experiment with alcohool in order to stimulate sexual behaviour”.
The sex-health problems and broad moral/cultural context in these sites are compared. Table 5 presents the variety of participant groups and venues where data were collected in each country per data-gathering instrument/method. ALCOHOL USE AND SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIOUR: A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY IN EIGHT COUNTRIES - WHO, GENEVA Table 4: General characteristics of the research sites Country Moral-religious and cultural-value context Target population Specific reason for selecting the target Belarus - Ruled by a single-party authoritarian political system; in a sense an island among post-totalitarian, democracy-developing countries - Young people - Historically a Christian culture with Catholic and Greek Orthodox Churches dominating (about 70% of population) India - Multiligual and multicultural society - Groups such as transport and roadside - Majority Hindu restaurant workers, migrant workers, - High risk groups and - Significant post-colonial changes in clients of FCSWs and MSMs, as well as a alcohol users in the patterns of alcohol use and random sample of the general population targeted general sexuality in Delhi, stratified in terms of five types of population - The majority of people do not drink housing clusters (400-500 households) - Traditional society in which discussion of sexuality was tabooed.
Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour: a cross-cultural study in eight countries by World Health Organization
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