Download e-book for iPad: A grammar of epic Sanskrit by Thomas Oberlies

By Thomas Oberlies

ISBN-10: 3110144484

ISBN-13: 9783110144482

The 2 nice epics of (old) India, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, are written in a language, which differs from so-called classical Sanskrit in lots of information. either texts nonetheless are of a major significance in India and different international locations. due to this, a grammar describing all of the assorted features of epic Sanskrit has been neglected before. The Grammar of Epic Sanskrit will now shut this hole.

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Extra resources for A grammar of epic Sanskrit

Example text

R 4,528·(b), 6,5. 1 I b, aniida­ • ram C-... 6c ( po ... - -). 3b, v rem. The 'transfers of stem' are often to tbe same effect, particularly when they occur at tbe seams of compounds (.... 3. 1-3). Metrical pressure conditioned also a nwnber of'irregular' (non-)sal1dhis. (Almost) all cases of (a) hiatus (.... 1 . 1 . 1 . 1 - 1 . 7), of (b) sandhi of pra­ grhY{l vowels (.... 3) and of (e) double sandhi (.... 8) can be explained as due to fixed parla-Iength. a' type ofthe Iri$(ubJI see ElXiERTON ( 1939: 163).

Ll - - (.... sarati replaces dlliimli in the old suppletive system 'pres. clllii\'Q,i, aor. asarat, pc. �asiira' I (ot j,r). Another prominent feature of Epic Sanskrit is its economy. Also here a few examples may suffice to make this point plain: (a) since the passive has a stem distinctly different from thaI oflhe present, acti\'e endings can also be added to it (.... 7); (b) the augment may be dropped from imperfect fonns as they are characterized by special endings (.... 4); (c) the redupli­ cation of the perfect may - under special conditions - be dispensed with as it is already distinguished by particular endings (....

Cr. iaro\'I1T"fl'lJu cMduyun C- -). 31 b. I. COBI . N DMLEN (1980; 78). 27): piiruf!! putraf!! 12b = 8 1 . 49d. 1-21) served meh'ical purposesl; patna)'a�" patnibhNI and palrll'\�1l (.... 3 . anemim and padiitim) into the cadence of an even slo k a piida. 28d, and yuvatibhib. R 6, I02. 1 3b, were employed to avoid the pattern ... 3). But the main motive for morphological changes - and especially for sucb transfers - was the fixed length of the Epic stanzas. 16ab (v. I. \'jhhiiffr iitmano[l iuhhiib [.....

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